Fill in: NASA __ does many tests before flying a new spaceship, __ the Boeing Starliner didn’t reach the space station. It went to the wrong orbit. Now the ship is __ in space.
a. yet b. still c. always
The answers are: c, a, b; look: NASA _always_ does many tests before flying a new spaceship, _yet_ the Boeing Starliner didn’t reach the space station. It went to the wrong orbit. Now the ship is _still_ in space.
Explanation The first answer. Alwaysrefers to repeated, cyclic and unchanging conditions, habits, protocols or procedures. ‘Still’would be grammatically okay here, but it is needed elsewhere in the passage, and in that place where it belongs, the other choices would also work grammatically but not be the best and/or not make sense.
The next answer,‘yet’, provides a contrast with the information and adverb ‘always’ in the first answer; ‘always’indicates something continuous or repeating without fail under certain conditions–and thereafter, ‘yet’ tells us a break in that consistency is coming. ‘Yet‘ also acts like the conjunction ‘but’.
Finally, the last answer, ‘still’ tells of a thing that has not ended. Again, all the options work in the space, but then in the other combinations would not make sense.
From Twitter: Choose: Peter: So then I — wait, can I have another beer? Bartender: One beer comin’ up. Paul: __ your story; I wanna know the rest. Peter: Where was I? Mary: You were gonna tell us what happened next. Paul: Yeah, __! Peter: So, the cop said; __
a. carry on b. go on c. continue
Answers: c, banda
Look/Explanation: Peter: So then I — wait, can I have another beer? Bartender: One beer comin’ up. Paul:Continueyour story; I wanna know the rest. Peter: Where was I? Mary: You were gonna tell us what happened next. Paul: Yeah, Go on! Go on means ‘Go on’ means ”keep telling your story.” Peter: So, the cop said; carry on. ‘Carry on‘ sounds official and means go continue doing what you were doing (but can be casual, too–meaning the same thing as ”go on”–but this is less common.)
Fill in: Boss to Staff: That’s good; __ doing it that way; when you’ve finished, __ the work from yesterday.
a. continuing doing b. keep on c. keeping doing d. keep doing e. keeps f. keeps on
Girl to Mother about her annoying brother: I said ”stop,” Mom, but he __ doing it!
Answers: Sentence 1: First Answer: b – That’s good; _keep on_ doing it that way; Second Answer: a & d – when you’ve finished, _ keep on/continue doing _ the work from yesterday.
Sentence 2: e – I said ”stop,” Mom, but he _keeps_ doing it! f – I said ”stop,” Mom, but he _keeps on_ doing it!
Explanation: Sentence 1 First Answer: That’s good; _keep on_ doing it that way; a. continuing doing (‘continuing doing …’ –No.) We need the present Tense b.keep on(keep on doing – Yes.) c. keeping doing (‘keeping doing doing…’? – No.) Two ‘ing’ forms = bad style d. keep doing(‘keep doingdoing…’? – No.)Two ‘ing’ forms = bad style e. keeps(keepsdoing doing…’? –No.)We don’t need a 3rd Person verb + ‘ing`? No. f. keeps on (keeps on doing…? – No.)We don’t need a 3rd Person verb.
Second Answer:a & d – When you’ve finished, _ continue doing _ the work from yesterday. OR: When you’ve finished, keep doing the work from yesterday.
a. continuing doing the work from yesterday. Yes. b. keep on the work from yesterday. No. This one sort of makes sense but is dialectical. c. keeping doing the work from yesterday. No.The basic verb and the gerund are mirroring each other in the ‘ing’ form so it is bad style. d. keep doing the work from yesterday. Yes. e. keeps the work from yesterday. No. The meaning here is totally different and not consistent with the context; it also suggests a 3rd person subject. f. keeps on the work from yesterday. No.The meaning here is totally different and not consistent with the context. It also suggests a 3rd person subject.
Explanation: Sentence 2 I said ”stop,” Mom, but he _keeps on_ doing it! a. continuing doing (‘…continuing doing doing it’? – No.) – 2 ‘do’s? No. ‘continues going’ would be okay, but ‘continuing’ without a “be verb”; No.
b. keep on (‘He keep on doing it’? No.) – ‘Keep’ needs an ‘s’ in the 3rd Person Singular form, and it is that because of ‘he.’ c. keeping doing (‘He keeping doing…’? No.) – Two ‘ing’ forms = bad style d. keep doing ‘Keep’ needs an ‘s’ in the 3rd Person Singular form, and it is that because of ‘he’, and again, two ‘ing’ forms? e. keeps (‘He keeps doing it’? – Yes.) This is correct. f. keeps on (‘He keeps on doing it’? – Yes.)
From Twitter Choose: A. Are you __? B. Yes. C’mon, give me my sandwich and let me pay. A. Is it __? B. If it were an emergency would I be buying a sandwich? I have __; I’m meeting my mother-in-law; if I’m late, I die. A. Then, hurry!
a. an emergency b. to hurry c. in a rush
The Answers are: ‘in a rush’ (c) ‘an emergency’ (a) ‘to hurry’ (b)
Explanation: The first answer can only be ‘in a hurry’: ‘Are you in a hurry?‘ … because we wouldn’t say: ‘are you to hurry?‘ or ‘are youan emergency?’ These expressions do not make sense.
The secondanswer is easy, because the question begins with ‘is it’, so we know a noun is needed and ‘is it in a rush’ doesn’t make sense, because it refers to something that has not been spoken about; so the only answer is the other noun, ‘an emergency’.
The Third answer must then be (b) ‘I have to hurry.’ Not only is it the only answer remaining, but we can’t say ‘I have in a hurry.’ We could say: ‘I have an emergency‘, but this situation is not an emergency; emergencies are about physical danger or about having to go to the bathroomin a hurry.
The Answers Are: prepares (a), preparing (c), prepared (a)
Explanation: After ‘always’, a simple tense verb, we can have a past tense or a present tense verb. If we look at the end of the sentence, we see ‘we always have a wonderful time’, meaning this is the present, not the past–so we need a present tense verb after always–so the answer to the first option is ‘prepares’.
After ‘by’ we need a gerund, because by introduces nouns of process or conveyance and actual things; think of how we say ‘go by train’, ‘solve the problem by using calculus’, the cat reached the window by jumping.
After ‘is always’ we need an adjective form ora continuous verb form, because ‘is’, a linking verb, and ‘always’ as an adverb require a description or a habitual action, but the choices offer only one ‘ing’ option and it is needed elsewhere!
Hello! は？Choose: It is thought that the pyramids of Egypt were built __ slaves and made __ with stone.
a. of b. by c. about e. for f. from
Answers: The answersare b., ‘by‘ and a., ‘of’.
Things are madeby people and ofmaterials; so, pictures painted by Da Vinci were made of canvas, paint and oil. A house is builtbya construction team is constructed of wood, cement, brick and mortar and tiles–or whatever.Many products are made of plasticby machines.
The book that’s on the table, which I told you about, was written __ Japanese __ my boss–a Korean dude.
a. of b. by c. in d. about e. for
Answers will; appear at around 5:00. Be cool. Be happy. Turn off your cars. – CA
ANSWERS: c., in and b., by: The book that’s on the table, which I told you about, was written _in_ Japanese _by_ my boss–a Korean dude.
We communicate in different languages, styles and ways:
We speakin English. We talk in soft tones. We yellinexcited voices. We writein different languages. We sing Opera in Italian This movie isin English with Japanese subtitles. The website was designed in HTML.
“by“ Things are madebypeople (or by other creatures and robots). So, ‘by’ is used with acts of intention:
King Lear was written byShakespeare. The Right Stuff was writtenbyTom Wolf. The Origin of Species was writtenby a former wanna-be friar, Charles Darwin.
The electric light bulb was invented byThomas Edison, who tested thousands of metals before settling on tungsten.
The automobile seems to have been first designedbyDa Vinci. Ah, Italians!
Starry Night was painted byVincent Van Gogh, who spoke fluent English, French and Dutch; he was a great man.
The first spacecrafts to go to the moon werebuilt bythe Russians and Americans
Kanagawa No Tsunami or The Great Wave off Kanagawa was drawn byKatsushika Hokusai.
From Twitter: 答えは？Fill in: The book __ is on the table, __ was written by Sam Harris, is excellent.
a. what b. that c. which
Answer: The solution is to addthat first and whichsecond:
The book _that_ is on the table, _which_ was written by Sam Harris, is excellent.
Explanation: Generally,that defines and whichdescribes. This means that what follows thatis essential to the completion of the idea and defines the subject; what follows whichis extra information describing the subject and not necessary to the main idea.
That 1. In the sentence above,thattells us exactly book the speaker is talking about: the one on the table. This information is essential, because other books are probably in the room or being considered. So it’s not merely ‘the book’; it’s “the book on the table“. That is the full “name” of this book for the purposes of the sentence. 2. Also in the sentence above, notice there is no comma after that.
Which 3. In the sentence above, whichrefers back to the subject: the book on the table with extra information about it: that it was written by Sam Harris. This is extra information to add for interest or detail, but it is not necessary for explaining what the speaker has to say–namely that there is a book on the table and that it is excellent. It’s like saying:
The Martian,which was written by a technician and non-professional writer, was a blockbuster movie.
The point is The Martian was a blockbuster; that it was written by a technician, though very interesting, is not the point.
4. Which clauses containing additional information are enclosed by comas. Think of what is in there (between the comas) as words that could easily go inside parentheses:
The book that is on the table (which was written by Sam Harris) is excellent.
The Martian (which was written by a technician and non-professional writer) was a blockbuster movie.
5. That clausesadding essential and defining information to the subject are not enclosed in commas and so could not be enclosed in parentheses.
The book that is on the table is excellent. (there is no place for commas!) 6. Finally, just remember: If you are thinking about adding information to a sentence about the subject, but you could leave that information out without losing the main meaning (of the main clause/the independent clause/the main idea) use which.If you cannot, usethat.
From Twitter: 答えは？ Fill in: A: What’re you drinking? B: Cola. A: You mean seltzer? Root beer? Ginger ale? B. No. Pepsi. A. Nobody likes Pepsi; all __ is trash, but if we drink it, we get Coke. B. What’s ‘__?’ A. What you WANT–not “Cola.” No one says “cola.”
a. pop b. soda pop c. soda
Answer: The answer is c. soda.
Explanation: Though it is true that “cola” refers to carbonated drinks, it generally comes from “Coca Cola”, a brand. The actual definition is:
(from Dictionary.com): a carbonated soft drink containing an extract made from kola nuts, together with sweeteners and other flavorings.
‘Soda’ is more correct as a reference to carbonated water–thus we say “soda water.”As you can see it is not a product but a condition or state-type of water itself. So actually, it would be more correct to say ‘I’ll have a cola’, but, alas, language is not always sensible and maybe not all sodas are made with the extract of cola nuts.
Answer: The best answer is: b. ‘What is this’; a. is okay, but is used in particular frames of minds and circumstances, not in common speech. Explanation: English is curious in this way, because the ‘what’ (the thing) is at the beginning in a questioninstead ofthe ‘this’ (as it is in the answer), and switches to the other side of the linking verb in the answer. This is different from Korean and Japanese, wherein the subject, whether it is known (‘a router’) or unknown (‘what’) stands in the same place in the sentence, whether it be the question or in the answer.